A number of lean manufacturing tools and practices have long been used to reduce manufacturing waste. These include the five S's, visual controls, standardized work, mistake proofing, total productive maintenance, cellular manufacturing, single-digit setup, pull systems, sequencing, activity-based costing, and leveled production.
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cost ( ABC ) accounting system, which accumulates costs based on activities performed and then uses cost drivers to allocate these costs to products or other bases, such as customers, markets, or projects. The ABC information about cost pools and drivers, activity analysis, and business processes is then used for activity-based management ( ABM ) to identify business strategies; improve product design, manufacturing, and distribution; and ultimately remove waste from operations. The system is considered t